Home > Walking Clubs & Groups > The Rambling Revolution: Kinder Scout Mass Trespass

The Rambling Revolution: Kinder Scout Mass Trespass

By: Chris Nickson - Updated: 16 Oct 2010 | comments*Discuss
Walkers Right To Roam Mass Trespass

These days we take the right to roam for granted. There’s so much access land that it sometimes feels as if we can walk almost anywhere. But that wasn’t always the case. For many years the big landowners – and they really did own most of the countryside – had blocked access to walkers, even where old footpaths and rights of way existed.

That all began to change on April 24, 1932, with the event known as the Kinder Scout Mass Trespass, possibly the single most important event in rambling history in the UK. It paved the way for the freedom we have today, and also, indirectly, to the creation of the National Park system. All of that is due to the 400 walkers who dared to flout the system.

How The Mass Trespass Began

It had all started a little earlier in the year, when a group of hikers from Manchester had been stopped at Bleaklow, in Derbyshire, by gamekeepers who insisted they were trespassing. The walkers felt their ancient rights had been taken away. Frustrated by this, and also the fact that a Right to Roam bill had stalled in Parliament, they determined on a mass trespass. Kinder Scout, the highest point in the Peak District, was chosen, on land owned by the Duke of Devonshire.

It was well publicised, and some 400 walkers, members of the British Walkers Sports Federation, assembled in Hayfield, near Glossop, to head up to Kinder Scout. Police and county officials were on hand but stood back as the walkers set off early in the afternoon.

Reaching The Top

They hadn’t gone too far before they saw gamekeepers on the slope known as William Clough, and the first scuffles happened, where one of the keepers was injured, and one of the walkers arrested.

But the group pushed on to the summit, up to Ashop Head, where they joined up with another group from Sheffield – only around 30 of them – who’d come over from Edale, and watched the fighting from the top of Jacob’s Ladder. The leaders of the groups congratulated all those who’d made it to the top, but also issued a sobering warning that some of them might well be fined for their actions. With that the groups started to make their way back.

Once the Manchester group had returned in Hayfield, they were stopped by the police (accompanied by gamekeepers), and five of them were arrested then taken to the tiny jail in the village, making a total of six in custody.

What Happened To The Walkers

Those arrested were in court in New Mills the following day, all charged with breach of the peace and unlawful assembly for their actions. They pleaded not guilty, which meant a trial, to be held at Derby Assizes, with all of them remanded until the trial date in July. This was serious, but that, after all, had been the intention. The men knew there’d be a confrontation, and they wanted the publicity for their cause, even though it could have serious consequences for them.

Those consequences did prove serious indeed. When the case finally reached court, five of the men were found guilty and given jail sentences that ranged between two and six months, the intention being to make martyrs of them and discourage others.

It didn’t quite work that way. Instead, it made heroes of them, and the idea of the Right to Roam became much larger than ever before. Not long after the sentences had been passed, a group of ramblers came together in Castleton, also in the Peak District. 10,000 strong, it was the biggest group of walkers ever assembled. Hikers weren’t about to be cowed.

Eventually, in 1951, the land in the Peaks became Britain’s first National Park, although it wasn’t until 2000 that the Countryside and Rights of Way Act passed in Parliament, making open access completely legal. Two years later, 70 years to the day of the mass trespass, the Duke of Devonshire apologised for the actions taken by his grandfather.

You might also like...
Share Your Story, Join the Discussion or Seek Advice..
Why not be the first to leave a comment for discussion, ask for advice or share your story...

If you'd like to ask a question one of our experts (workload permitting) or a helpful reader hopefully can help you... We also love comments and interesting stories

(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
(never shown)
Enter word:
Latest Comments
  • Jools
    Re: Starting a Walking Club
    What sort of paperwork/ registration/ insurance might you need for walking group?
    13 October 2020
  • Mac
    Re: Join A Walking Club
    Hi, Any advice on liability/protecting yourself when setting up a walking club? What if someone hurts themselves? Thanks, Sam
    21 July 2020
  • Kelly
    Re: Starting a Walking Club
    Hello, Do you know of any software that facilitates putting together walking/hiking clubs programme schedule? I am looking for…
    31 March 2020
  • Dave
    Re: Join A Walking Club
    I am looking to join a walking/hiking club in the Southampton/Hampshire area. I am 50 and have signed up for London to Brighton Challenge and…
    22 January 2020
  • Sah
    Re: Join A Walking Club
    Looking for a short walk partner n to make friends in tipton area of west midlands
    6 January 2020
  • Lee
    Re: Join A Walking Club
    Hi I am 33 and am looking to join a walking club for health and social reasons. I currently live in huntingdonshire.
    25 November 2019
  • Lee
    Re: Join A Walking Club
    Hi I am looking to join a walking club as a way of keeping healthy but also to socialize. I live in Huntingdonshire
    25 November 2019
  • Amanda
    Re: Join A Walking Club
    I am looking to join a beginner's walking group in the North West, i work full time mon to Fri. I am aged 52, fairly fit, looking to meet new…
    10 November 2019
  • Jules
    Re: Join A Walking Club
    My husband and I are looking for a hiking group in our local area. We are aged 55 and 58, live in Royal Wootton Bassett and are both…
    2 October 2019
  • Adam
    Re: Hiking for Older People
    Hi guys! I am doing a GCSE in Product Design, and I am designing a medical kit for the elderly that they could carry when theywalk in the…
    19 September 2019